jQuery插件 — Cookie插件jquery.cookie.js 使用实例

Cookie是网站设计者放置在客户端的小文本文件。Cookie能为用户提供很多的使得,例如购物网站存储用户曾经浏览过的产品列表,或者门户网站记住用户喜欢选择浏览哪类新闻。 在用户允许的情况下,还可以存储用户的登录信息,使得用户在访问网站时不必每次都键入这些信息

使用方法:

引入jquery.cookie.js

<script src="scripts/-1.6.4.js" type="text/"></script>  
<script src="scripts/.cookie.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

使用方法

新添加一个会话 cookie

$.cookie('the_cookie', 'the_value');

注:当没有指明 cookie有效时间时,所创建的cookie有效期默认到用户关闭浏览器为止,所以被称为

“会话cookie(session cookie)”。

创建一个cookie并设置有效时间为 7天:

$.cookie('the_cookie', 'the_value', { expires: 7 });

注:当指明了cookie有效时间时,所创建的cookie被称为“持久 cookie (persistent  cookie)”。 

创建一个cookie并设置 cookie的有效路径:

$.cookie('the_cookie', 'the_value', { expires: 7, path: '/' });

注:在默认情况下,只有设置 cookie的网页才能读取该 cookie。如果想让一个页面读取另一个页面设置的cookie,必须设置cookie的路径。cookie的路径用于设置能够读取 cookie的顶级目录。将这个路径设置为网站的根目录,可以让所有网页都能互相读取 cookie (一般不要这样设置,防止出现冲突) 。 

读取cookie:

$.cookie('the_cookie'); // cookie存在 => 'the_value'
$.cookie('not_existing'); // cookie不存在 => null

删除cookie,通过传递null作为cookie的值即可:

$.cookie('the_cookie', null);

将cookie写入文件

var COOKIE_NAME = 'username';  
    if( $.cookie(COOKIE_NAME) ){  
        $("#username").val(  $.cookie(COOKIE_NAME) );  
    }  
    $("#check").click(function(){  
        if(this.checked){  
            $.cookie(COOKIE_NAME, $("#username").val() , { path: '/', expires: 10, domain: 'jquery.com', secure: true });  
            //var date = new Date();  
            //date.setTime(date.getTime() + (3 * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000)); //三天后的这个时候过期  
            //$.cookie(COOKIE_NAME, $("#username").val(), { path: '/', expires: date });  
        }else{  
            $.cookie(COOKIE_NAME, null, { path: '/' });  //删除cookie  
        }  
    });

参数设置

expires: (Number | Date)      有效期,可以设置一个整数作为有效期(单位:天),也可以设置一个日期对象作为Cookie的过期日期。如果指定日期为负数,那么此cookie将被删除;如果不设置或者设置为null,那么此cookie将被当作Session Cookie处理,并且在浏览器关闭后删除

path:  (String)          Cookie的路径属性,默认是创建该cookie的页面路径

domain: (String)     Cookie的域名属性,默认是创建该cookie的页面域名

secure: (Boolean)  如果设为true,那么此cookie的传输会要求一个安全协议,例如HTTPS

jquery.cookie.js

/**
 * Cookie plugin
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Klaus Hartl (stilbuero.de)
 * Dual licensed under the MIT and GPL licenses:
 * http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php
 * http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.
 *
 */

/**
 * Create a cookie with the given name and value and other optional parameters.
 *
 * @example $.cookie('the_cookie', 'the_value');
 * @desc Set the value of a cookie.
 * @example $.cookie('the_cookie', 'the_value', {expires: 7, path: '/', domain: 'jquery.com', secure: true});
 * @desc Create a cookie with all available options.
 * @example $.cookie('the_cookie', 'the_value');
 * @desc Create a session cookie.
 * @example $.cookie('the_cookie', null);
 * @desc Delete a cookie by passing null as value.
 *
 * @param String name The name of the cookie.
 * @param String value The value of the cookie.
 * @param Object options An object literal containing key/value pairs to provide optional cookie attributes.
 * @option Number|Date expires Either an integer specifying the expiration date from now on in days or a Date object.
 *                             If a negative value is specified (e.g. a date in the past), the cookie will be deleted.
 *                             If set to null or omitted, the cookie will be a session cookie and will not be retained
 *                             when the the browser exits.
 * @option String path The value of the path atribute of the cookie (default: path of page that created the cookie).
 * @option String domain The value of the domain attribute of the cookie (default: domain of page that created the cookie).
 * @option Boolean secure If true, the secure attribute of the cookie will be set and the cookie transmission will
 *                        require a secure protocol (like HTTPS).
 * @type undefined
 *
 * @name $.cookie
 * @cat Plugins/Cookie
 * @author Klaus Hartl/klaus.hartl@stilbuero.de
 */

/**
 * Get the value of a cookie with the given name.
 *
 * @example $.cookie('the_cookie');
 * @desc Get the value of a cookie.
 *
 * @param String name The name of the cookie.
 * @return The value of the cookie.
 * @type String
 *
 * @name $.cookie
 * @cat Plugins/Cookie
 * @author Klaus Hartl/klaus.hartl@stilbuero.de
 */
jQuery.cookie = function(name, value, options) {
    if (typeof value != 'undefined') { // name and value given, set cookie
        options = options || {};
        if (value === null) {
            value = '';
            options.expires = -1;
        }
        var expires = '';
        if (options.expires && (typeof options.expires == 'number' || options.expires.toUTCString)) {
            var date;
            if (typeof options.expires == 'number') {
                date = new Date();
                date.setTime(date.getTime() + (options.expires * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000));
            } else {
                date = options.expires;
            }
            expires = '; expires=' + date.toUTCString(); // use expires attribute, max-age is not supported by IE
        }
        var path = options.path ? '; path=' + options.path : '';
        var domain = options.domain ? '; domain=' + options.domain : '';
        var secure = options.secure ? '; secure' : '';
        document.cookie = [name, '=', encodeURIComponent(value), expires, path, domain, secure].join('');
    } else { // only name given, get cookie
        var cookieValue = null;
        if (document.cookie && document.cookie != '') {
            var cookies = document.cookie.split(';');
            for (var i = 0; i < cookies.length; i++) {
                var cookie = jQuery.trim(cookies[i]);
                // Does this cookie string begin with the name we want?
                if (cookie.substring(0, name.length + 1) == (name + '=')) {
                    cookieValue = decodeURIComponent(cookie.substring(name.length + 1));
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        return cookieValue;
    }
};

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